The Journal of Extension -

Welcome to the Journal of Extension

The Journal of Extension creates opportunities for professionals and students to publish intellectual, creative work; nurtures emerging scholars and new authors for success; encourages professional development; and advances the theory and practice of the Cooperative Extension System.

JOE is a rigorous, peer-reviewed journal that brings the scholarship of university outreach and engagement to educators and practitioners around the world. Feature, Research in Brief, and Ideas at Work submissions undergo double-blind review, and Commentary and Tools of the Trade submissions are reviewed by the editor, Debbie Allen.

The acceptance rate for articles submitted to JOE is currently 25.5%.

For more information about JOE, consult the JOE FAQs. For more information about writing for JOE, consult the JOE Submission Guidelines and Help for JOE Authors.

April 2016 Volume 54 Number 2

Editor's Page

To expedite the publication process for JOE submissions, I am requiring that all prospective authors apply a manuscript submission checklist to their work before submitting it. In "New Requirement for JOE Authors," I explain my reasoning and identify benefits I expect will result from implementation of the checklist. In "April JOE," I spotlight articles about new methods for addressing less tangible aspects of Extension work, Extension professionals' use of new technologies to overcome long-standing and contemporary challenges, and other interesting topics.


The Polarization of Agriculture: The Evolving Context of Extension Work
Martin, Michael J.
The general public's perceptions and attitudes about agriculture have become more diverse and divergent in recent years. Extension professionals can find themselves working with widely varied audiences whose members adhere to a range of agricultural values. This commentary focuses on how changes in agriculture have affected the work of Extension professionals. I argue that Extension professionals need to find ways to recognize what their own agricultural values are and to determine how those values will influence their work.

Research In Brief

Personal Sustainability: Listening to Extension Staff and Observing Organizational Culture
Forstadt, Leslie; Fortune, Aileen

Evaluation of a Cooperative Extension Curriculum in Florida: Food Modification for Special Needs
Dahl, Wendy J.; Ford, Amanda L.; Radford, Allyson; Gal; Nancy J.

Educating Farmers' Market Consumers on Best Practices for Retaining Maximum Nutrient and Phytonutrient Levels in Local Produce
Ralston, Robin A.; Orr, Morgan; Goard, Linnette M.; Taylor, Christopher A.; Remley, Dan

Building Teen Futures with Underwater Robotics
Wallace, Michael L.; Freitas, William M.

Keeping It Safe: Aging in Place Among Rural Older Adults
Peek, Gina G.; Bishop, Alex J.

Ideas at Work

Wet Grain Delivery Advice: A Previously Impossible Extension Challenge Solved Through App Technology
Dvorak, Joseph; McNeill, Sam; Hardy, Clint

Using Modern Digital Photography Tools to Guide Management Decisions on Forested Land
Craft, Brandon; Barlow, Rebecca; Kush, John; Hemard, Charles

Building 4-H Program Capacity and Sustainability Through Collaborative Fee-Based Programs
Pellien, Tamara

Supercharging Chaperones: A Meeting Toolkit for Maximizing Learning for Youth and Chaperones
Brandt, Brian

Training Law Enforcement Officials on Responding to Equine Calls
Anderson, Kathleen P.; Stauffer, Gary; Stauffer, Monte; Anderson, Doug; Biodrowski, Kristie

Tools of the Trade

From Knowledge to Action: Tips for Encouraging and Measuring Program-Related Behavior Change
Chazdon, Scott; Horntvedt, Jody; Templin, Elizabeth

Volunteer Income Tax Assistance: A Community Coalition for Financial Education and Asset Building
Koonce, Joan; Scarrow, Andrea; Palmer, Lance

Using Social Media to Engage and Educate Teen Parents
Allen, Kim; Jolly, Christina; Barnes, Jenna

An Integrated Pest Management Tool for Evaluating Schools
Bennett, Blake; Hurley, Janet; Merchant, Mike

Food Safety Posters for Safe Handling of Leafy Greens
Rajagopal, Lakshman; Arendt, Susan W.; Shaw, Angela M.; Strohbehn, Catherine H.; Sauer, Kevin L.

Animal Agriculture in a Changing Climate Online Course: An Effective Tool for Creating Extension Competency
Whitefield, Elizabeth; Schmidt, David; Witt-Swanson, Lindsay; Smith, David; Pronto, Jennifer; Knox, Pam; Powers, Crystal

MG SPROUTS: A Project-in-a-Box Approach to Educational Programming
Dorn,Sheri; Slagle, Krissy

Resources for Underwater Robotics Education
Wallace, Michael L.; Freitas, William M.

Physical Activity: A Tool for Improving Health (Part 3—Recommended Amounts of Physical Activity for Optimal Health)
Gallaway, Patrick J.; Hongu, Nobuko

The New Screen Time: Computers, Tablets, and Smartphones Enter the Equation
Wiles, Bradford B.; Schachtner, Laura; Pentz, Julie L.

Pipeline Easement and Right-of-Way Agreements
Landefeld, Mark; Little, Clif


Capacity Building and Community Resilience: A Pilot Analysis of Education and Employment Indicators Before and After an Extension Intervention
Weaver, Russell
This article reports on an analysis of the effects of a quasinatural experiment in which 16 rural communities participated in public discussion, leadership training, and community visioning as part of an Extension program at Montana State University. Difference-in-differences methods reveal that key U.S. Census socioeconomic indicators either improved more rapidly or declined more slowly in communities that took part in the program, relative to a statistically matched control group. These findings offer persuasive circumstantial evidence for the ability of Extension programs to build community resilience. The findings and methodology, therefore, have important implications for Extension's role in current public and academic resilience planning discourses.

A Formative Evaluation of the Children, Youth, and Families at Risk Coaching Model
Olson, Jonathan R.; Smith, Burgess; Hawkey, Kyle R.; Perkins, Daniel F.; Borden, Lynne M.
In this article, we describe the results of a formative evaluation of a coaching model designed to support recipients of funding through the Children, Youth, and Families at Risk (CYFAR) initiative. Results indicate that CYFAR coaches draw from a variety of types of coaching and that CYFAR principle investigators (PIs) are generally satisfied with the coaches' methods. Areas in which PIs would like to see changes to the coaching model include amount of technical coaching and amount of help with specific CYFAR funding requirements. We review strategies for incorporating this feedback into practice and discuss implications for CYFAR and for Extension in general.

Fathers' Knowledge of Their Youth's Unsafe Behaviors on the Farm
Stoneman, Zolinda; Jinnah, Hamida Amirali; Rains, Glen C.
The study discussed in this article examined the extent to which fathers were aware of unsafe farm behaviors engaged in by their youth. Fathers and youth provided information about the youth's behaviors on the farm, particularly related to tractors/large equipment. Fathers indicated whether they were familiar with the North American Guidelines for Children's Agricultural Tasks (NAGCAT). Youth engaged in numerous unsafe and dangerous behaviors of which their fathers were unaware. Fathers were not familiar with NAGCAT. Extension professionals from agriculture, family and consumer sciences, and 4-H youth development all have roles to play in educating parents about NAGCAT and youth farm safety.

A Qualitative Exploration of Entrepreneurial Learning Among Southern Arizona Small-Scale Farmers and Ranchers
Zamudio, Jessica; Mars, Matthew M.; Torres, Robert M.
Small-scale farmers and ranchers who participate in local food enterprise are challenged by a number of market uncertainties. These uncertainties include unpredictable consumer purchasing patterns, seasonal production variations, and relatively small customer bases. Moreover, farmers and ranchers turned local food entrepreneurs have limited access to business training and, thus, rely on experience and experimentation to guide their business decision making. This article draws on qualitative data to explore how farmers and ranchers who participate in Southern Arizona farmers' markets develop entrepreneurial knowledge and skills. Recommendations for how Extension educators can enhance the entrepreneurial learning of small-scale farmers and ranchers are provided.

Extension Master Gardener Social Media Needs: A National Study
Vines, Karen A.; Jeannette, Karen; Eubanks, Emily; Lawrence, Maggie; Radhakrishna, Rama
An online survey was conducted to assess the feasibility of providing training on the use of social media for the Extension Master Gardener (EMG) program. Volunteers (n = 1,275) and coordinators (n = 111) responded. Findings indicate the existence of sufficient interest in a nationally coordinated social media training. Inclusion of social media as a qualifying activity in EMG programs should be explored. Findings support inclusion of volunteers in future surveys and the possible need for increased involvement of volunteers in setting program direction. Training is being developed on the basis of the data. Future surveying of the EMG population by using random sampling to more accurately define the audience is strongly encouraged.

The Journal of Extension

Debbie Allen
Journal of Extension

Eric Owens
Extension Journal, Inc.

Luann Boyer
Extension Journal, Inc.

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