The Journal of Extension -

Welcome to the Journal of Extension

The Journal of Extension creates opportunities for professionals and students to publish intellectual, creative work; nurtures emerging scholars and new authors for success; encourages professional development; and advances the theory and practice of the Cooperative Extension System.

JOE is a rigorous, peer-reviewed journal that brings the scholarship of university outreach and engagement to educators and practitioners around the world. Feature, Research in Brief, and Ideas at Work submissions undergo double-blind review, and Commentary and Tools of the Trade submissions are reviewed by the editor, Debbie Allen.

The acceptance rate for articles submitted to JOE is currently 25.5%.

For more information about JOE, consult the JOE FAQs. For more information about writing for JOE, consult the JOE Submission Guidelines and Help for JOE Authors.

June 2016 Volume 54 Number 3

Editor's Page

In the "Summer Reading" section of this Editor's Page, I recommend a great book for JOE authors. In "June JOE," I preview some of the issue's excellent content: articles that present ways to maximize the value of research endeavors; articles that discuss strategies for how Extension professionals can help one another grow professionally, increase productivity, and accept change; and articles that highlight Extension's relationship to some crucial societal issues.


Welcoming Immigrants: An Opportunity to Strengthen Rural Communities
Ramos, Athena K.
Rural communities matter. Almost a quarter of the Midwest's population lives in rural communities, but emerging demographic patterns, including the increase of Latinos, are changing the landscapes of rural Midwestern communities. Often, the rise in the Latino population is the deciding factor between growth or decline for a rural community. This circumstance presents a unique opportunity for Extension professionals and communities to initiate best practices around community building and welcoming of newcomers, especially immigrants. We need to harness the strength of all rural residents to create vibrant, healthy, sustainable communities that are centers of creativity and innovation.

Research In Brief

Fecal Coliform Concentrations in the Upper Cohansey River Watershed Predicted by Air Temperature, Discharge, and Land Use
Mangiafico, Salvatore S.; Bell, Kim; Hetzell, Noah

Drawing On College Student Attitudes and Behaviors to Instigate Energy Efficiency Improvements in Rental Housing
Harvey, Christopher P.; Kuang, Jennee; Rhodes, Anne; Posman, Kevin M.

On-Farm Forest Income in the United States, 2003–2012: Thoughts for Extension Programming
McConnell, T. Eric

Value-Added Dairy Products from Grass-Based Dairy Farms: A Case Study in Vermont
Wang, Qingbin; Parsons, Robert; Colby, Jennifer; Castle, Jeffrey

Factors Influencing Yield Management of Pinot Noir Vineyards in Oregon
Uzes, Dionne M.; Skinkis, Patricia A.

Assessing Growers' Challenges and Needs to Improve Wine Grape Production in Pennsylvania
Centinari, Michela; Kelley, Kathleen M.; Hed, Bryan; Miller, Abigail; Patel-Campillo, Anouk

Evaluating the Georgia Master Naturalist Program
Hildreth, Lauren (Ninke); Mengak, Michael T.

Ideas at Work

Creating Teams Increases Extension Educator Productivity
Chalker-Scott, Linda; Daniels, Catherine H.; Martini, Nicole

Cooking Healthy, Eating Smart: A Strategically Timed Formative Evaluation of a Community-Based Nutrition and Food Safety Program for Rural Older Adults
Fraser, Angela; Chao, Morgan G.; Amella, Elaine J.; Mueller, Martina

Implementing an Innovative Educational Program Delivery Strategy to Teach 2014 Farm Bill Changes to Ohio Farmers and Landowners
Bruynis, Chris L.; Shoemaker, Dianne E.; Ward, Barry; Custer, Sam G.

Minnesota 4-H Science of Agriculture Challenge: Infusing Agricultural Science and Engineering Concepts into 4-H Youth Development
Rice, Joshua E.; Rugg, Bradley; Davis, Sharon

Credit Score Millionaire: An Innovative Program Helps Diverse Audiences Build Strong Credit Scores
Erickson, Luke; Hansen, Lyle

Tools of the Trade

The Extension Storyteller: Using Stories to Enhance Meaning and Catalyze Change
Franz, Nancy

Awareness, Solidarity, and Action: An Educational Model
Reichenbach, Michael R.

An Online Resource Site for Extension Master Gardener Coordinators
Langellotto, Gail Ann; Dorn, Sheri

Promoting Nutrition and Wellness Statewide Through an Electronic Newsletter
Bahl, Morgan; Francis, Sarah L.

Maximizing Use of Extension Beef Cattle Benchmarks Data Derived from Cow Herd Appraisal Performance Software
Ramsay, Jennifer M.; Hanna, Lauren L. Hulsman; Ringwall, Kris A.

Key Resources for Creating Online Nutrition Education for Those Participating in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education
Stosich, Marie C.; LeBlanc, Heidi; Kudin, Janette S.; Christofferson, Debra

Safety in Aquaculture
Durborow, Robert M.; Myers, Melvin L.

Effectiveness of Webinars as Educational Tools to Address Horse Industry Issues
Pulec, Kate E.; Skelly, Christine D.; Brady, Colleen M.; Greene, Elizabeth A.; Anderson, Kathleen P.

An Adolescent Nutrition Learning Model to Facilitate Behavior Change in Overweight Teens
Young, Kimberly J.; Ramsay, Samantha A.; Holyoke, Laura B.


Better Crunching: Recommendations for Multivariate Data Analysis Approaches for Program Impact Evaluations
Braverman, Marc T.
Extension program evaluations often present opportunities to analyze data in multiple ways. This article suggests that program evaluations can involve more sophisticated data analysis approaches than are often used. On the basis of a hypothetical program scenario and corresponding data set, two approaches to testing for evidence of program impact are compared. These approaches are (a) a bivariate approach involving contingency table analysis (chi-square, Kendall's tau tests) and (b) a multivariate approach involving logistic regression. Both approaches address the primary evaluation questions, but the multivariate approach introduces additional variables, allowing for a more comprehensive understanding of program dynamics. Multivariate approaches can enhance insights about programs and increase opportunities for dissemination of research results.

Mentoring Adult Learners: Implications for Cooperative Extension as a Learning Organization
Denny, Marina D'Abreau
A comprehensive summary of the existing literature on mentoring of adult learners, in the context of the Cooperative Extension System as a learning organization, reveals that structured organizational mentoring is needed in Extension to prepare and develop individuals to be future leaders in the organization. Further inquiry is needed regarding Extension as a transformative learning organization, the role of mentees in Cooperative Extension as adult learners, training needed for veteran Extension agents to effectively serve as mentors, and orientation processes for new hires on making the most of the relationship with a mentor.

Delphi Survey of Needs for On-Farm Research: Forecasting Changes in a Farm Organization
Polush, Elena Yu.; Grudens-Schuck, Nancy; Exner, Derrick N.; Karp, Robert
The forecasting abilities of Delphi technique worked well when a farmer organization wanted to predict on-farm research topics for its farmer membership. This article provides evidence—after 10 years—that Delphi successfully predicted ideas for research that lasted long into the future, including a compelling unanticipated result that changed the face of the organization. Would you want to use a research tool that was this powerful in organizational settings? This article contains details about setting up, conducting, and interpreting the Delphi.

Rural Health Inequities and the Role of Cooperative Extension
Andress, Lauri; Fitch, Cindy
Health inequities affect communities through adverse health outcomes, lost productivity, and increased health care costs. They arise from unequal distribution of social determinants of health—the conditions in which people are born and live. Health outcomes, tied to behaviors and health care, also are rooted in location and social status. Cooperative Extension provides culturally appropriate programs that touch the places where individuals and families live. A history of promoting democracy through education makes Extension uniquely positioned to address health inequities and foster greater equality among groups that experience hardships as a result of differences in social, economic, and environmental determinants of health.

Social Media as a Supplement to Face-to-Face Education: The Perspectives of Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program Paraprofessionals and Graduates
Elmer, Sarah R.; Harrison, Judy A.; da Silva, Vanessa R.
Using social media is an inexpensive, innovative approach to supplementing direct education provided by the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP). Focus group research was conducted with EFNEP paraprofessionals (n = 33) and participants (n = 39) to inform the development of a social media presence for the program. Although recommendations by EFNEP's social media committee focus on providing online articles, focus group results suggest that content should be presented as colorful pictures and videos, portraying recipes and nutrition tips. Also, the study highlights the importance of using engaging, colorful visuals when using social media as a form of indirect education.

The Journal of Extension

Debbie Allen
Journal of Extension

Eric Owens
Extension Journal, Inc.

Luann Boyer
Extension Journal, Inc.

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